As humans of the modern society we have a set of rights. Each one of us is born with these rights.
“Human rights are the rights a person has simply because he or she is a human being” as per the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
One cannot lose these rights. No one, regardless of citizenship, can be denied these basic human rights.
And December 10 is celebrated as the Human Rights Day in honour of adoption of human rights by the UN since December 10, 1948. The declaration broadly lays down basic civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. Human Rights, as part of the Declaration, are not governed by any international or state law. These can’t be enforced. For instance, education is one of the basic human rights. However, one is not mandated by law to receive education.
The various human rights are divided across 30 articles in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights –
The Constitution of India also lays down 6 Fundamental Rights for it’s citizens –
- Right to equality
- The Right to freedom
- Right against exploitation
- The Right to freedom of religion
- Cultural and educational rights
- Right to constitutional remedies
These human rights adopted as universal by the UN have stood the test of times whenever they have come under threat. Being denied these rights has led to revolts and revolutions over time. For the people to ‘win’ the rights they were supposed to be born with is very important.
Right to equality and freedom from discrimination is something that is in line with human values. It should prevail by the virtue of mutual respect form humanity and other humans. All humans are born equal, but not everyone is treated the same way. In US and South Africa individuals of color have been discriminated against since decades either through segregation or Apartheid. Women were and are still denied equality especially in Middle Eastern and predominantly Islamic countries.
Middle Eastern countries, especially Saudi Arabia are the epitome of inhumane society where human rights are not only denied by law but are non–existent. Genocides, laws against homosexuality, inhumane labor laws are just a few of the countless crimes against humanity that have been committed for over centuries.
With over 200 countries in the world it is not practical and border line impossible to enforce human rights governed by an international law. But the independent states could do their part and make sure the citizens of respective countries are respected for all their diversity. Let the statesman make laws and not religion.
Let’s today embrace our rights as human beings and respect the rights of other humans as well.
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