We are always interested to know about the journey of celebrities, film stars, sports personalities, etc but how many of us are aware of the Journey of Indian National Flag?
When someone says the National Flag of India , the first thing that comes in our mind is ‘the horizontal tricolors with saffron at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. And a wheel in the center of the white band in the middle.’
But there is more to it.
Before going into the evolution of the Indian Nation Flag. Let’s explore all the details and description of the National Flag of India in today’s time.
As per an official website,
The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel which represents the chakra.
The top saffron colour, indicates the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra. The green shows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.
Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes. The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947.
It is really amazing to see the various changes that our National Flag went through since its first inception. It was discovered or recognised during our national struggle for freedom. The evolution of the Indian National Flag sailed through many vicissitudes to arrive at what it is today.
The journey of the Indian National Flag
Indian National Flag is not just a flag made of cloth; it is a symbol of our nation’s struggle for Independence. In this post, Campusghanta attempts to throw light on the journey of our nation’s most precious treasure.
It will be necessary for us Indians – Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Jews, Parsis and all others to whom India is their home – to recognize a common flag to live and die for.
– Mahatma Gandhi
#1 Unofficial Flag of India in 1906 – Calcutta Flag
The journey began in the year 1906 when the first unofficial Indian National Flag was hoisted in the Parsee Bagan Square of Kolkata. This flag which was composed of three horizontal stripes of red, yellow and green was also known as the Calcutta flag.
#2 The Berlin Committee Flag
The second flag was unfurled in the year 1907 in Paris by one of the most prominent Indian freedom fighters, Madame Cama along with her band of exiled revolutionaries. This was also the first time Indian Flag was being hoisted on foreign soil. Co-designed by Cama, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, and Shyamji Krishna Varma, it was famously known as the Saptarishi flag.
#3 The Flag Used During Home Rule Movement in the Year 1917
The third flag was hoisted by a British socialist, Dr. Annie Besant and the “Father of the Indian unrest”, Lokmanya Tilak in the year 1917. This flag was different from the previous two flags; it had five red and four green horizontal strips arranged alternately, with seven stars in the saptarishi configuration super-imposed on them. In the left-hand top corner was the Union Jack. There was also a white crescent and star in one corner. This flag, however, was not able to gain popularity among the masses.
#4 The Flag Unofficially Adopted in the Year 1921
The fourth flag was designed in the year 1921 by Pingali Venkayya who was an Indian freedom fighter from the city of Vijayawada of Andhra Pradesh. It was initially made of two colors- red and green which represented Hindus and Muslims. However, on the suggestion of Mahatma Gandhi, a white stripe was added to represent the remaining communities of India along with a spinning wheel to signify the progress of the nation.
#5 The Flag Adopted in 1931
The fifth flag was adopted in the year 1931 as some people disagreed with the communal interpretation of the flag of 1921; therefore the red color was replaced with saffron which is a symbol of both Hindu yogis as well as Muslim darvesh.
#6 The Present Tricolour Flag of India – The National Flag of India
And finally, the Tiranga was adopted on July 22, 1947, after India got independence. Tiranga is a modification of the flag of 1931 where Charkha was replaced with Chakra and this is how our Indian National Flag completed its journey.
A flag not only of freedom for ourselves, but a symbol of freedom to all people.
– Jawaharlal Nehru
Times have come where people have started to define Independence Day as merely a day when people change their WhatsApp display picture to Indian Flag. Flags can be found lying around street corners on 16th August. That needs to change. Our flag is a symbol of our freedom, unity, and abilities. Respect and only utmost respect is what it deserves. Jai Hind!
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